Tinospora Cordifolia: Pharmacognostical and Phytochemical Screening

  • Deepti Grover
  • Satyajit Dutta
  • Arvind S Farswan
Keywords: Tinospora cordiofolia, total ash value, water soluble ash, acid insoluble ash, extractive value, moisture content.


Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia family Menispemaceae) is an indigenous, common shrub found in
the Himalayas, tropical regions of India and particularly abundant in the dense forests of
Chhattisgarh. Tinospora cordiofolia is a creeper with grayish stem and tubercles (small warts)
on the surface. It is antipyretic, diuretic and anti-inflammatory. It is a constitute of several
compound preparation. It is used in fever, urinary disorders, dyspepsia, secondary syphilis,
rheumatism, constipation, tuberculosis, leprosy and general debility. It is also used in treatment
of rheumatism and jaundice. It is a blood purifier and may be useful in AIDS and other immune
disorders also. It is also being proposed for cancer patient before and after chemotherapy. The
use of Tinospora cordifolia in the treatment of a variety of diseases in well documented. The
present study included quantitative and qualitative evaluation of aerial part of Tinospora
codiofolia. The quantitative evaluation parameter like moisture content ,total ash value, acid
insoluble ash, water soluble ash value, alcohol and aqueous extractive values were found to be
2.31%, 7.5%, 1.16%,11.05%, 7.27% and 12.05% respectively. In qualitative evaluation,
petroleum ether extract showed the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, carbohydrates, tannins,
sterols, proteins and amino acids. The aqueous extract also showed the presence of alkaloids,
glycosides, carbohydrates, tannins, proteins, and amino acids.